Standard Barracuda

Standard Barracuda

Pinewood Derby Times
Volume 13, Issue 1
October 2, 2013

In this Edition:

- Editor's Notes

- Feature Article - Cover Up Those Wheels With Fenders

- Humor

- Product Showcase - Fenders

- Pinewood Derby Car Showcase

- Q&A

Editor's Notes
Welcome to the New Pinewood Derby Season
Summer is finally over and the weather is cooling down. That means it is time to tell you about our hot new pinewood derby products to help you be successful in your upcoming races. Some of our new products are:
  • New Car Kits: We have introduced two new pinewood derby car kits: the Vector and the Barracuda. The Vector is designed around our Triangular Tungsten Canopy, and is built for speed. The Barracuda is a futuristic car with a plastic canopy and sleek curves.

  • Aero Fenders: Fenders are all the rage, and for good reason; they do improve car performance. We offer front and back laser cut fenders in both pine and balsa.

  • Paint Stencils: I'm sure you've seen cars with really cool paint designs, and maybe you have wondered how they were done. Well now you can do it yourself with these high-quality paint stencils (also known as paint masks).

In addition, we also now carry acrylic paint, new decals and COG Tungsten Weights.

Click Here to see all of the new items.

Inventory Clearance Sale
We also are clearing inventory on several items including our Propeller Car Kit II, the Assimilator Kit (with a tungsten canopy), plastic car canopies, and paint markers. We don't have many left, so don't delay. Click Here to find our clearance items. Don't miss out on the great prices.
MV Basic & Wedge Car Kits

If you are planning a race and are not required to use a specific kit type, our MV Basic or Wedge Car Kit are just what you need. These attractively priced kits are equipped with:
  • Quality Block - Unlike the blocks provided by some organizations, our blocks are soft, northwestern pine blocks, cut precisely to 7 inches long, 1-3/4 inches wide, and 1-1/4 inches tall. These dimensions, as well as the axle slots accurately duplicate the dimensions of standard pinewood derby blocks from BSA and PineCar.

  • Simple Axle Preparation - Don't worry about filing off flaws, or losing hub caps. Our Speed Axles have no burrs or crimp marks, and install without hub caps. With or without polishing, they are ready to go. We supply five, so you have a spare.

  • Quality Wheels - Forget cheap, out of round wheels. Our MV wheels are top-quality wheels. You will not be disappointed with the quality of these wheels.

So, if your organization does not mandate a particular kit type, consider our MV Basic Car Kits or MV Wedge Car Kits

Can We Help?
If we can help you in any way with your pinewood derby project, or if you have any feedback regarding this newsletter, please contact us at:

Feature Article

Cover Up Those Wheels With Fenders
By Randy Davis

Looking at photos of pinewood derby cars in races across the country, especially the highly competitive league races, virtually every car has some kind of fenders. The intent of the fenders is to improve air flow over the wheels, squeezing out a few milliseconds. Given the slow speeds of pinewood derby cars, a few milliseconds is all you can hope for, but of course a few milliseconds is all it takes to win or lose a race.

But do fenders really help? Well, there is only one way to find out. So let's do an experiment.

In order to make sure that the presence or absence of fenders is actually being measured, we must construct a car on which:
  1. Fenders can be added and removed without affecting the wheels, axles, lubrication, and alignment.

  2. Ballast weight can be added and removed to compensate for the weight of the fenders, again without affecting any other factor.

  3. The ballast weight is added/removed at the center of gravity of the fenders.1

The Test Car
My solution to meet these criteria was to use full fenders and mount a 1/4 inch dowel pin at the center of gravity of the fender. A hole was then drilled through the car at the center of gravity of the fenders. This hole would accept the fender pin or the ballast weight.

Figure 1 - Test Car With Fenders

Figure 2- Test Car Without Fenders (Ballast Weight Shown as Inset)

Figure 3 - Underside of Car

The fenders were shaped by tapering the leading edge, and by beveling the portion that hangs below the car (this must be done to prevent scraping on the track guide rail - see Figure 3). The COG of the fender was located and a 1/4 inch hole was drilled at that location. Short pieces of 1/4 inch dowel pin were then glued into the fender hole.

The ballast weight was a bit of a challenge as I only had a 1-3/4 inch long x 1/4 inch diameter hole in which to put the weight. I ended up acquiring a 1/4 inch rod of solid tungsten and then cutting it to length (not a practice I recommend). I then super-glued two tungsten disks and two short pieces of dowel pin to the tungsten rod, resulting in a solid unit that was 1-3/4 inches long and just slightly less than the weight of the fenders. To adjust the weight, I sanded off a portion of the dowel pin attached to the fenders, resulting in an exact weight match.

The car body was made with a 1/4 inch hole drilled from side to side at the location of the fender COG. Weight pockets were added, and the car was brought up to five ounces (when the fenders are attached or the ballast weight is inserted). Packing tape was applied over the underbody pockets so that they did not affect air flow. The car was equipped with a raised front left wheel.

Other static car factors include:
The Test
The car was assembled with the fenders; two adhesive dots were applied on the inside of each fender to keep it in the proper position. The alignment was set to drift left five inches over eight feet, which works well on my track. After a few trial runs, the testing commenced.

First, four runs were made with the fenders in place. Then the fenders were removed, the ballast weight added, and the alignment verified (no change needed). Eight runs were then made without fenders. Finally, the ballast weight was removed, the fenders re-installed, and the alignment re-checked (again, no change needed). An additional four runs were then made.

The high and low results were then removed for the fender heat times and the non-fender heat times. The remaining data was averaged and the standard deviation calculated.

The Results
To my surprise the results were clear2:

Fender Heat Average - 2.531
Standard Deviation - .00146

No-Fender Heat Average - 2.536
Standard Deviation - .00163

So on average, fenders improved the speed of the car by .005 seconds, and slightly reduced the variance in the heats.

The Tradeoff
One thing that needs to be pointed out is that fenders add weight to the car, and not at the desired location (the fenders in this test weighed 0.66 ounces). So, the question must be asked: Would the same improvement be seen if the weight was put at the back of the car and the fenders eliminated? Unfortunately, I did not set up the car to specifically test this, but I did tape the ballast weight on top of the car just in front of the rear axles. The heat times did improve to 2.533. But this test is not conclusive as the weight was not necessarily optimally placed and it was not inside the car.

But the point is that for best results the effect of the fender weight must be minimized. There are several ways to do this:
  1. Use half fenders instead of full fenders.

  2. Use balsa fenders instead of basswood or pine fenders.3

  3. Minimize the weight of the main car body as much as possible.

In a tight race, if implemented properly, fenders can give your car a slight edge. So, on your next project, consider covering up those wheels.

1For the purist, the ballast weight should really be spread all along the side of the car, but that would be extremely difficult to do.

2Actually to my relief. I was concerned that the data would be inconclusive and I would need to try again with half fenders. Half fenders would be more of a challenge to get the correct weight when the fenders were removed.

3I am not a big fan of balsa as it is more difficult to use, but it is very popular for fenders. Both pine and balsa half fenders are available from Maximum Velocity.


Phone Network Discovery

German scientists dug fifty meters underground and discovered small pieces of copper. After studying these pieces for a long time, Germany announced that, 25,000 years ago, the ancient Germans had a nationwide telephone network.

Naturally, the British government was not that easily impressed. They ordered their own scientists to dig even deeper. One hundred meters down, they found small pieces of glass, and they soon announced that, 35,000 years ago, the ancient British had a nationwide fiber network.

Israeli scientists were outraged. They dug 50, 100 and 200 meters underground, but found absolutely nothing. They concluded that, 55,000 years ago, the ancient Hebrews had cellular telephones.

Product Showcase

  Aero Fenders  
$1 off

Our precision, laser-cut Aero Fenders improve air flow over the wheels, resulting in a (typical) gain of a few milliseconds at the finish line. Both front and rear fenders are available, and are typically used together.

Aero Fenders are available in both pine and balsa wood. Pine fenders are 3/8 inch thick and are ready to sand and shape. Balsa fenders are lighter in weight, but are not as strong. So to improve strength, they are machined in three layers. The first step in using the balsa fenders is gluing the three layers together with wood glue. The resulting layered balsa fender is 3/8 inch thick and is quite strong.

Through October 15, 2013, you can get one set of Aero Fenders for $1 off. To take advantage of this limited time offer, Click Here, and use your choice of one these coupon codes during checkout: 5396NL, 5397NL, 5398NL, or 5399NL

Make sure the coupon code matches a set of the fenders you are ordering.

Car Showcase

Church Cross Car - Jim White and Aaron Shain

My grandson and I built this RA pinewood derby car for my son-in-law (grandson's father). We call it the "Church Cross Car" for obvious reasons.

Batmobiles - Craig Look

Here are Evan and Jacob's batmobiles. Evan's batmobile is the open- wheeled version, while Jacob's is the one with the fenders.

Sea Destroyer - Keith, Victoria, and Gabriel D.

Last year (2012) my son Gabriel won his pack race. But when he went to the district race, reality set in and he found out that he was not even close to being competitive. Walking out of the race, my son and I were discussing next year's (2013) car and we decided to do everything that we could do to make his car the fastest it could be. This year (2013) my son won his pack race again and was able to compete in the district race. Overall he had the 5th best time of the 37 cars in his district. He was very happy with his finish. Thank you for helping make my son's last race a great and happy experience for him.

Share Your Car With Our Readers

Do you have a car you would like to "show off" to our readers? If so, send us a photo of your car along with a brief description of any special features. Also, please include your full name. If selected, we will include the photo and description in this newsletter.Please e-mail photos to:

Photos must be sent by e-mail in JPG format (minimum size of 640x480, maximum size of 1280 x 960). Please shoot photos from the front left of the car, similar to the orientation of this car:

For better focus, keep the camera four or five feet away from the car, and then use the camera's zoom to fill the frame with the car.

Send only one photo per car, unless an additional photo is needed to adequately show a feature. Also, only one car per subscriber per year please. Thanks!


I am an inspector at our race, which requires four wheels on the ground. At the last race, four cars were broke trying to bend the axle down to meet this rule. Is there anything we can do to minimize damage when trying to fix a car to meet the four on the ground rule?

You might try tightly holding a Pro-Axle Guide against the car body/axle while bending. This will give the wood support and minimize the risk of breakage.

Another thing you can do is use the paper test for four on the ground. It is very difficult to get all four wheels perfectly down - usually one wheel is slightly up. If you slide a piece of paper under the up wheel and the wheel rolls with the paper, then the wheel can be considered to be on the ground. If the wheel doesn't roll, then the wheel is up. This test is used by lots of packs to gauge whether a car is a three or four wheeler.

I am building a pinewood derby car, and must use a stock PineCar kit with the solid axles. I see your PineCar Speed Wheels, but no prepped solid axles. Do you offer any such animal? I was thinking a simple wedge design with short slot to the back, and tungsten weights to set the balance point at 1-1/8 inch in front of the rear axle. I'm open to all suggestions!! Bake block first? Any paint better than another? How about front nose shape and height?

Let me try to answer your questions in order.
Do You Have Questions that Need Answers?
Do you have a pinewood derby-related question? If so, send your question to: info.maximum-velocity@com. We answer all questions by e-mail, but not every question will appear in the Q&A section of the newsletter.

Back Issues

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Randy Davis, Editor, Pinewood Derby Times

Copyright ©2013, Randy Davis. All rights reserved. Please do not reprint or place this newsletter on your web site without explicit permission. However, if you like this newsletter we grant permission, and encourage you to e-mail it to a friend.

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